Build your own production private cloud

OpenStack with conjure-up

Thanks to MAAS, the bare metal provisioning and management tool, conjure-up can talk to a cluster of servers.

Minimum requirements*

4 x Intel x64 servers each with:

  • 8GB RAM
  • Management card/BMC with IPMI onboard

Before you start, you’ll want this eBook


The phase change from traditional, monolithic software to multi-host microservices-based big software demands that you approach the challenge of deployment, integration and operations from a different perspective.

This eBook will give you a deeper understanding into why there is a perceived complexity to the installation and operations of OpenStack and how tools like Canonical’s conjure-up and OpenStack can help you build a modern, scalable, repeatable and affordable private cloud infrastructure.

  • Country:
  • All information provided will be handled in accordance with the Canonical privacy policy.

Installation instructions

  1. 1Set up your hardware

    Install Ubuntu Server 18.04 LTS on the machine designated to be the MAAS server.

    You need to setup a private network with all machines plugged in and enough IP addresses available for all physical and virtual machines you plan to run. This network must not have a DHCP server: MAAS will fill in that role.

    For the simplest topology, connect the second NIC of the dual-nic machine(s) to the same network.

  2. 2Install MAAS

    To install MAAS, start off on your Ubuntu Server 18.04 LTS machine and type the command below following the step-by-step instructions:

    Create your admin credentials and optionally import your SSH key by typing:

    Login to the MAAS UI at http://<maas.ip>/MAAS/

    Fill in the details on the welcome page and import images for Ubuntu 14.04 LTS, 16.04 LTS and 18.04 LTS. Importing images may take a while, but you can click “continue” as soon as it’s started

    If you haven’t imported your SSH key before, now is your chance to import one from Launchpad, GitHub or you can also upload it directly

  3. 3Configure the MAAS subnet and DHCP

    Go to the “Subnets” tab and click on your subnet. Verify that “gateway” and “DNS” are filled in and update as necessary

    Go back (or click on “subnets” again) and this time click on the “untagged” VLAN. Select “Provide dhcp” in the “Take action” button and select a suitable Dynamic range. To start with, count one IP per NIC connected to the network

  4. 4Verify image syncing

    Go to the “Images” tab and check if the Ubuntu images have all been downloaded and are in a “Synced” state. This is the process started earlier, and depending on your bandwidth it may take a while for it to finish. You can only proceed with the next steps if the images are synced

  5. 5Register your hardware with MAAS

    Now you need to enlist and commission machines:

    • Ensure all machines are set to PXE boot, if possible disable all other boot options, including local disk, in the BIOS
    • Power the machines on. They will all appear in the “Nodes” tab of MAAS after a while
    • Edit each machine, filling in the power type and other parameters, if they are not correct already
    • Select all the machines and, using the “Take action” dropdown, “Commission” them
    • Wait until all machines have a “Ready” status
    • Verify the networking by going to the details page for the node(s) that have multiple NICs and check that the second NIC (the non-PXE one):
      • Is connected to the subnet
      • Has the “IP address” field set to “unconfigured”
    • The first NIC should be the same except the IP address field will be set to “Auto assign”
  6. 6Install and launch conjure-up

    On the MAAS server, in a terminal window, install the conjure-up snap:

    If successful you should see a screen as below:

    conjure-up's opening wizard in command line

  7. 7Select install type

    conjure-up offers two options with OpenStack:

    1. OpenStack with Nova-lxd

    This installs OpenStack with nova configured to use the lxd hypervisor ready to launch machine containers. Choose this option to run Linux workloads in LXD containers

    2. OpenStack with KVM

    This installs OpenStack with nova configured to use the KVM hypervisor ready to launch full virtual machine. If building a production cloud we recommend choosing this option.

    conjure-up's wizard with OpenStack with NovaKVM selected

  8. 8Configure a new cloud

    Once you have selected OpenStack with NovaKVM, you will be prompted to create a new cloud with a single option provided: MAAS.

    conjure-up's wizard asking where to deploy the new cloud

  9. 9Add MAAS api endpoint and credentials

    To create a MAAS based cloud you will need to enter the MAAS API endpoint. The api endpoint will be of the form: http://<maas.ip>/MAAS/.

    The api key is found under the MAAS admin page as below.

    conjure-up's wizard asking for your MAAS credentials

    User preferences for admin interface on MAAS

    Once entered you will be given the opportunity to configure the individual services.

    Review and configure applications screen on conjure-up

  10. 10Configure, architect and deploy the OpenStack services

    Configure: this will give you the opportunity to change the config of the various OpenStack services.

    Architect: Choose where to place a service. You do not need to place services as conjure-up will do so automatically.

    Deploy: Deploy the service as configured according to the architecture.

    Once satisfied with the config and architecture you can deploy all remain applications.

    conjure-up's status screens, showing a number of applications status

    OpenStack deploying

    To learn more about conjure-up visit

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Already a Landscape Dedicated Server customer? Upgrading is simple, see the instructions in the release notes.