Get a production cloud with OpenStack Autopilot

OpenStack Autopilot

Canonical’s OpenStack Autopilot handles every aspect of your production cloud across multiple physical machines through installation, expansion and everyday operations.


  • A minimum of 6 machines with the following roles:
    • 1 machine for the MAAS server
    • 1 machine for the Juju controller
    • 1 machine for the OpenStack Autopilot
    • 3 or more machines for the cloud (6 or more if you want HA):
      • At least one must have 2 NICs
      • At least 3 must have 2 disks
  • A dedicated switch to create a private cloud LAN
  • Internet access through a router on that LAN

Before you start, you’ll want this eBook


The phase change from traditional, monolithic software to multi-host microservices-based big software demands that you approach the challenge of deployment, integration and operations from a different perspective.

This eBook will give you a deeper understanding into why there is a perceived complexity to the installation and operations of OpenStack and how tools like Canonical’s conjure-up and OpenStack Autopilot can help you build a modern, scalable, repeatable and affordable private cloud infrastructure.

  • Country:
  • All information provided will be handled in accordance with the Canonical privacy policy.

Installation instructions

  1. 1Set up your hardware

    Install Ubuntu Server 16.04 LTS on the machine designated to be the MAAS server.

    You need to setup a private network with all machines plugged in and enough IP addresses available for all physical and virtual machines you plan to run. This network must not have a DHCP server: MAAS will fill in that role.

    For the simplest topology, connect the second NIC of the dual-nic machine(s) to the same network.

  2. 2Install MAAS

    To install MAAS, start off on your Ubuntu Server 16.04 LTS machine and type the command below following the step-by-step instructions:

    Create your admin credentials and optionally import your SSH key by typing:

    Login to the MAAS UI at http://<maas.ip>/MAAS/

    Fill in the details on the welcome page and import images for Ubuntu 14.04 LTS and 16.04 LTS. Importing images may take a while, but you can click “continue” as soon as it’s started

    If you haven’t imported your SSH key before, now is your chance to import one from Launchpad, GitHub or you can also upload it directly

  3. 3Configure the MAAS subnet and DHCP

    Go to the “Subnets” tab and click on your subnet. Verify that “gateway” and “DNS” are filled in and update as necessary

    Go back (or click on “subnets” again) and this time click on the “untagged” VLAN. Select “Provide dhcp” in the “Take action” button and select a suitable Dynamic range. To start with, count one IP per NIC connected to the network

  4. 4Verify image syncing

    Go to the “Images” tab and check if the Ubuntu images have all been downloaded and are in a “Synced” state. This is the process started earlier, and depending on your bandwidth it may take a while for it to finish. You can only proceed with the next steps if the images are synced

  5. 5Register your hardware with MAAS

    Now you need to enlist and commission machines:

    • Ensure all machines are set to PXE boot, if possible disable all other boot options, including local disk, in the BIOS
    • Power the machines on. They will all appear in the “Nodes” tab of MAAS after a while
    • Edit each machine, filling in the power type and other parameters, if they are not correct already
    • Select all the machines and, using the “Take action” dropdown, “Commission” them
    • Wait until all machines have a “Ready” status
    • Verify the networking by going to the details page for the node(s) that have multiple NICs and check that the second NIC (the non-PXE one):
      • Is connected to the subnet
      • Has the “IP address” field set to “unconfigured”
    • The first NIC should be the same except the IP address field will be set to “Auto assign”
  6. 6Launch OpenStack Autopilot

    Setup Landscape and launch the OpenStack Autopilot with the following commands:

    • Replace <hostname> above with the hostname of the machine that was selected for the Juju controller role. Do not add the domain name to it
    • Select “Landscape”

      Select landscape
    • Select “maas” as the cloud type

    • Fill in your:
      • MAAS server IP
      • MAAS user API key — found in your user’s settings in the MAAS user interface (top-right corner)
      Set IP and API key
    • The next page will show you the list of applications that make up a Landscape deployment. In the case of Landscape, all applications will be deployed to one machine only using LXD containers. If you want to select which machine that will be, you can click on the “Architect” button of any application. Otherwise, click on “Deploy” on the bottom right

      Applications list
    • When everything is installed, you will be asked to provide details about the Landscape administrator to be created: name, email and password

    • Finally, a summary will be displayed with a link for you to access Landscape and begin your Openstack deployment. Open that link to access Landscape

      Set IP and API key
    • Login with your Admin Email and Password

  7. 7Review your checklist

    At the bottom of the setup page there is a checklist with the status of all of your resources. These should all be green, if it isn’t follow the instructions to resolve.

  8. 8Choose your OpenStack components

  9. 9Select the hardware on which to deploy the cloud

  10. 10Select “Install” to start building your cloud

  11. 11Create an OpenStack account to access your Horizon dashboard

  12. 12Monitor your region and scale out

Need more help?

Let our cloud experts help you take the next step.

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Already a Landscape Dedicated Server customer? Upgrading is simple, see the instructions in the release notes.